Biography of Muhammad Ghori
Complete history about Ghori’s multiple invasions & battles in India
Mu’izz ad-Din Muhammad Ghori (Persian: معز الدین محمد غوری), born Shihab ad-Din (1149 – March 15, 1206), also known as Muhammad of Ghor, was Sultan of the Ghurid Empire along with his brother Ghiyath ad-Din Muhammad from 1173 to 1202 and as the sole ruler from 1202 to 1206.
Mu’izz ad-Din was one of the greatest rulers of the Ghurid dynasty and is credited with laying the foundation of Muslim rule in the Indian subcontinent, which lasted for several centuries.
He reigned over a territory spanning over parts of modern-day Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Iran, north India, Pakistan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan.
Mu’izz ad-Din took the city of Ghazni in 1173 to avenge the death of his ancestor Muhammad ibn Suri at the hands of Mahmud of Ghazni and used it as a launching pad for expansion into northern India.
In the meantime, he assisted his brother Ghiyath in his contest with the Khwarazmian Empire for the lordship of Khorasan in Western Asia.
In 1175, Mu’izz captured Multan from the Hamid Ludi dynasty, which was Muslim Pashtun, and also took Uch in 1175.
He also annexed the Ghaznavid principality of Lahore in 1186, the last haven of his Persianised rivals.
After the death of Ghiyath in 1202, he became the successor of the Ghurid Empire and ruled until his assassination in 1206.
A confused struggle then ensued among the remaining Ghuri leaders, and the Khwarizmi was able to take over the Ghurid Sultanate in about 1215.
Though the Ghurids’ empire was short-lived, and petty Ghurid states remained in power until the arrival of the Timurids, Mu’izz’s conquests laid the foundations of Muslim rule in India. Qutbu l-Din Aibak, a former slave (Mamluk) of Mu’izz, was the first Sultan of Delhi.
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