Why only America (USA) in the whole world put Economic sanctions on every country
The US is a global power with global interests
At present, we know that America is the only super power in the world. The US has consistently maintained this position since the end of Second World War in 1945.
After the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991, the world experienced the uni-polar moment, with US at the top.
The US is not only the largest economy but she is also the largest military power in the contemporary world. .
The super power has global interests and needs global influence to realize those interests.
How the US as global power influences the behaviour of other nations?
Any nation can influence the behaviour of other nations in terms of her interests only by two means: Using either Soft power, or Hard power. Soft power is the influence over other nations by the force of attraction.
The hard power is the influence over other nations by coercion. Hard power includes such measure as economic sanctions and use of military force.
Economic sanctions are less costly and invite less criticism in comparison to use of military force. Military force is used as a means of last resort.
But we should note that the luxury of using economic sanctions is not available to all nations. Only those nations can use economic sanctions against others, which can influence the behaviour of other nations by these sanctions.
This become possible only when other nations are dependent on a global power for their financial services, trade or investment, security or the supply of advance technology and so on.
The US enjoys this dependency of other nations. That is why the US prefers and succeed in imposing economic sanctions.
All countries may not succeed in using economic sanctions. For example a country like India cannot succeed in using economic sanctions against others if other nations are not dependent on India for their vital needs.
India has also taken advantage of American global influence.
The waiver granted by the International Atomic Energy Agency and the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) for concluding US-India Civil Nuclear deal in 2008 were possible only due to American global influence.
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