Battles of Chanderi & Ghaghara

Battles of Chanderi & Ghaghara भारत में मुगल शासन की स्थापना


The Battle of Ghaghra, fought in 1529, was a major battle for the conquest of India by the Mughal Empire. It followed the first Battle of Panipat in 1526 and the Battle of Khanwa in 1527.

The forces of now Emperor Zahir ud-Din Muhammad Babur of the emerging Mughal Empire were joined by Indian allies in battle against the Eastern Afghan Confederates under Sultan Mahmud Lodi and Sultanate of Bengal under Sultan Nusrat Shah.


Sultan Mahmud Lodi, who aspired to the throne of Delhi and who had been declared the rightful heir to the Delhi Sultanate by the Western Afghan Confederates and aided by the Rajput Confederates, was put to flight after the defeat at the Battle of Khanwa in 1527.

He took refuge in Gujarat. After trying to get in touch with his kinsmen in the east he managed to join them. He at the head of the Eastern Afghan Confederates took Bihar.

On the death of Sultan Muhammad Shah Lohani the Pathan king of Bihar of the new dynasty, an event which occurred some time after Babur’s expedition to Chanderi, he was succeeded by his son Sultan Jalal ud-Din Lohani a minor

That the chief management of affairs at least in Bihar then devolved on that prince’s mother Dudu and on Farid Khan better known as Sher Shah Suri who had already risen into distinction; that the country was distracted by the rival claims

The claims of Lohani nobles related to the young King, of Baban and Bayezid whose influence was very extensive, of Sher Shah Suri and of other chiefs.

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