American Revolution + American Civil War

अमेरिकी क्रान्ति – American Revolution + American Civil War – World History for IAS/UPSC/PCS/SSC

The American Revolutionary War, sometimes known as the American War for Independence, was a war fought between Great Britain and the original 13 colonies, from 1775 to 1783. Caused by colonial resentment of British taxes and strict, impractical rules and regulations, it eventually led to the development of the United States as an independent nation. Fought from 1861 to 1865, the American Civil War was a war between the Union (almost all northern and western states) and the Confederate States of America (almost all southern states), primarily over the practice of slavery. To date, the Civil War remains the deadliest conflict in U.S. history.

Comparison chart

American Civil War versus Revolutionary War comparison chart
American Civil War Revolutionary War
Causes Slave states rejected the abolitionist movement under the notion that slavery was a “state right.” Shortly after they seceded, the war to preserve the Union began. The colonies rejected British taxes and other limitations on trade, while also rejecting the need to house British soldiers and other duties considered unfair.
Location Southern United States, Northeastern United States, Western United States, Atlantic Ocean 13 colonies
Dates 1861-1865 1775-1783
Where All told, 23 states saw battles within the Civil War, with most of the action occurring in Pennsylvania, Virginia, Maryland, Tennessee, Georgia, Mississippi and the Mississippi River, along with naval action along the Atlantic Coast. Most battles occurred in the colonial areas of Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, but also extended to the other colonies and modern-day Canada, as well as overseas.
Who Fought Northern (and some western) states, calling themselves the Union, against the seceding states from the south, calling themselves the Confederacy. Colonial troops, some called minutemen, against the British Army and Navy, under King George III.
Result Union victory, Territorial integrity preserved, Reconstruction, Slavery abolished, Union President Abraham Lincoln assassinated 13 colonies gained independence from British Empire, United States of America formed, indirectly caused the French Revolution, George Washington appointed first president of the United States of America
Major Battles Antietam, First and Second Bull Run (also known as First and Second Manassas), Chancellorsville, Chickamauga, Corinth, Fort Sumter, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Shiloh, Vicksburg, Wilson’s Creek and the Battle of Appomattox Lexington, Concord, Bunker Hill, Yorktown.
Aftermath Abolition of (most) slavery, assassination of President Abraham Lincoln, Reconstruction, Jim Crow laws. Declaration of Independence, founding of the United States, U.S. Constitution, election of Gen. George Washington as first President.
Casualties Union forces: 110,000-145,000 killed, 275,000-290,000 wounded; Confederate forces: 70,000-95,000 killed, 215,000-235,00 wounded. About 18,000-27,000 colonial troops killed, about 20,000-35,000 wounded.
Belligerents United States (Northern states) vs. Confederate States 13 Colonies vs. Great Britain
Goals USA: Outlaw slavery; CSA: Keep slavery legal Gain independence from the British Empire
Reasons Unagreement over states’ rights and African-Americans’ place in society. Unfair taxes and subjects had no representation in the British Parliament.
Participants Confederate States of America, Union Patriots, Loyalists, Kingdom of Great Britain, Iroquois, Holy Roman Empire, Cherokee, Oneida people, Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel, Dutch Republic, Hanau, Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Bourbon Spain, French Kingdom
Introduction (from Wikipedia) The American Civil War was a civil war in the United States fought from 1861 to 1865. The Union faced secessionists in eleven Southern states known as the Confederate States of America. The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence and the Revolutionary War in the United States, was the armed conflict between Great Britain and thirteen of its North American colonies.
Status Has ended Has ended
Territorial changes Confederacy dissolved; USA regains the Confederate states, uniting the country. Britain loses area east of Mississippi River and south of Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River to independent United States and to Spain;, Spain gains East Florida, West Florida and Minorca;, Britain cedes Tobago and Senegal to France., Dutch Republic
Predecessor War of 1812 French and Indian War (Seven Years’ War)
Successor World War I War of 1812
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